Caregivers in New York City don’t often have to worry about an elderly parent’s ability to continue driving. But in exchange, we need to be concerned about older loved ones navigating crowded sidewalks—and about avoiding falls, especially in winter.
Winter weather conditions can be dangerous for older pedestrians. Icy walkways and staircases and slushy street crossings are risky for seniors with balance or mobility issues. Decreased visibility from shorter days as well as darker clothing may make it difficult for drivers to see pedestrians of all ages. But older adults may have less agility to move out of the way quickly.
In addition, older adults are more physically fragile than younger adults. Falls are the leading cause of injury among the elderly. They may lead to complications that can prevent seniors from living independently. Even if the impact is the same, an older adult will often sustain more serious injuries.
“Winter is a rough season for seniors,” says Joseph Gallagher, Physical Therapist and Director of Operation Support Services at VNSNY. “You can’t have someone walking in front of you with salt and a shovel, so you have to use common sense and try to prevent falls.” He offers these tips to increase winter safety for older pedestrians:
First and foremost, Gallagher says, it’s important to wear the right pair of shoes or boots when you are heading outdoors. They should have arch support and rubber soles that help gain traction when navigating the winter terrain. In addition, increase visibility by wearing bright clothing (even a scarf or hat will help) and consider reflective material at night.
You might be used to doing things on your own, but when it comes to facing the winter elements, find a partner. “If you are a little unsteady, ask someone to go with you when you go out, such as a neighbor or family member,” says Gallagher. “They can give you extra support, which could prevent a fall from happening.” Likewise, if you use some sort of assistive device like a cane, bring it with you.
Muscles and joints may become tight and stiff in cold weather, which makes them more prone to sprains and strains. Gallagher recommends warming up before going out. “Do some gentle stretching and exercises to get your body warmed up and ready.”
When walking over snow and ice, bend your body slightly forward and shorten your stride. This gives your body a wider base of support. “A lower center of gravity can keep you more stable,” says Gallagher. “You may look a little funny walking, but you’ll have a better chance of staying on your feet.”
To stay safe on foot walking around the city, follow these tips to avoid winter falls: